Drug Addiction

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INTRODUCTION TO DRUG ADDICTION

It is a medical condition characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli,despite adverse consequences. Despite the involvement of a number of physhiosocial factors, a biological process-one which is included by repeated exposure to an addictive stimulus-is the core pathology that drives the development and maintenance of an addiction.
Addiction is a disorder of the brain’s reward system which arises through transcriptional and epigenetic mechanisms and occurs over time from chronically high levels of exposure to an addictive stimulus (e.g., morphine, cocaine, sexual intercourse, gambling, etc).

Types of Drugs commonly abused

These are 9 types of drugs are commonly abused, and they can affect the people in some different ways:

1. Heroin

As an addictive opioids, heroin can bring about a sudden assault of illness(seizures), a psychiatric issue, for example, fantasies or incoherence(psychosis) when it is manhandled. Heroin injections can likewise spread ailments, for example, human resistant lack infection and hepatitis. This drug is known to bring about genuine medical problems when it is abused.Users can turn out to be physically reliant on it rapidly, obliging them to take increasingly to accomplish a similar high, yet an excessive amount of heroin can prompt to a deadly overdose. People who take heroin dependably require proficient rehabilitations because the causes leads to the possibility of death as an outcome.

2. Cocaine

Cocaine is an exceptionally hazardous stimulant notwithstanding when taken in small amounts. It instigates happiness, builds circulatory strain, and quickens the heart rate. The drug may prompt to deadly strokes or heart assaults for a few people. The abuse of cocaine is likewise known to cause financial, legitimate, and physical issues. Because of the extreme results of utilizing cocaine, people require immediate proficient treatment.

 3. Crack

A powerful type of cocaine, crack is often regularly smoked and all of a sudden makes an extraordinary euphoric sensation for a short while. Crack has transformed into an issue beacuse it is simple to purchase and utilize. Mishandling the substance, be that as it may, can prompt to quick dependence. Abusers are additionally at danger of heart assaults and strokes with every use. Long term use can bring about liver, kidney, and lung harm. Abusers must seek proficient rehabilitation as this drug causes are very dangerous.

4. Hallucinogens

PCP (phencyclidine) and LSD (lysergic corrosive diethylamide) are psychedelic drugs, which implies that they make people feel, see, and hear things that are not genuine. While they encounter fantasies with this drug, clients put some distance between reality and enter mental conditions of detachment, as though their bodies and brains are not cooperating or associated. A few clients of PCP and LSD enter brutal conditions of psychosis. Genuine harm could happen while daydreaming on these substances, which have brought on perpetual neurological harm in case of repeated abuse. Pulling back from stimulants is difficult, and abusers will require proficient treatment in rehab.

5. Amphetamines

Quickening the abuser’s real and mental capacities, amphetamines can bring about hyper times of trouble. These periods are generally joined by extraordinary distrustfulness, peculiar conduct, and daydreams. Some amphetamine abusers turn out to be exceptionally fierce and assault friends and family unintentionally and could endure lasting physical changes in appearance, irreversible cerebrum harm, and nerve harm. Amphetamines are unforgiving, risky medications, and clients require therapeutic consideration and safe recovery in rehab.

6. Weed

Weed is the most well-known unlawful drug that is mishandled, and many people start utilizing it as a recreational drug in social circumstances. Continuous intake can cause addiction, and the substance can influence the physical coordination, memory, and mental elements of user after some time. A few users have even lost connections, employments, and homes because they use the drug.It is cheap but difficult to quit utilizing it, so proficient treatment is important.

7. Alcohol

Abusing liquor(alcohol) can bring about mental, physical, and social issues, and it can prompt to the destruction of connections, fellowships, and marriages. A great deal of alcohol abusers drink so much that their bodies can’t deal with it. Now and then this requires they are hospitalized for liquor harming. Abusing liquor over a long stretch can bring about hopeless heart and liver harm and may prompt to the consumers being captured for driving impaired, open inebriation or other law-related issues. Moreover, alcohol users can prompt to damage or demise to the general population around them while they are impaired. Liquor withdrawal can be deadly a result of ridiculousness tremens, which is a side effect with the possibility to trigger heart disappointment or stroke. Forgoing drinking additionally is difficult when it turns into a propensity due to mental and physical issues. Proficient help is frequently essential for abusers of alcohol.

8. Inhalants

Inhalants are not actually in the class of opiates, but rather people abuse them and can get to be distinctly dependent on them after some time. A portion of the substances that are considered inhalants incorporate spray paint, butane, and nitrous oxide that they can breathe in to accomplish a high. Inhalants cause euphoric and numb affections for a brief time, so monotonous utilize is normal. It is extremely dangerous to abuse inhalants since they could prompt to lasting mind harm or sudden passing. Users must quit breathing in the substances before harm occurs.

9. Prescription Drugs

The second-most normally abused drug are prescription, including everything from against uneasiness meds to tranquilizers and ADHD pills to hostile to seizure medication. The mishandle of solution painkillers, for example, Vicodin and Oxycodone amid recuperation from wounds is additionally extremely normal. Intake of prescriptions can lead to danger if the abusers don’t look for treatment.

CAUSES OF DRUG ADDICTION:

Addiction may refer to psychological dependencies, such as those to gambling, sex and work. The most commonly addressed form of addiction is substance abuse.
Drug addiction includes abuse to items like:
  • Alcohol
  • Methamphetamines
  • Opioids, including Prescription Pain Medications
  • Stimulants
  • Tobacco

Habits are occasionally mistaken for addiction, but there is a key difference. While often second-nature, habits are self-controlled and done by choice. Breaking a habit takes time, but is not associated with the same psychological and neurological changes as addiction.

Causes of drug addiction can be due to certain lifestyle factors including:

  1. High Stress Levels
  2. Having a parent with a history of addiction
  3. Severe Trauma or Injury
  4. Exposure to substance abuse at a young age
  5. Mental health conditions, especially mood disorders such as chronic anxiety and depression
  6. Psychological trauma, including loss of a loved one or chronic loneliness
There are a lot of different factors that can be the causes of drug addiction. The above items are what people possess when they seek addiction treatment in most cases, but not all.

Physical Nature of Drug Addiction

Addictive substances and behaviors can physically alter areas of the brain that are associated with reward, memory and motivation. Repeated use of these substances increases your risk of becoming addicted.

Areas of the brain affected by alcohol and drug addiction include:

  • Nucleus Accumbens
  • Anterior Cingulate Cortex
  • Basal Forebrain
  • Amygdala

Alcohol and drug addiction also physically affects the brain by interfering with the interaction of brain chemicals, or neurotransmitters, especially between the memory and reward areas of the brain.
Due to the physiological nature of drug addiction, overcoming addiction takes time and ongoing effort. Ceasing use of an addictive substance will often lead to withdrawal symptoms, including nausea, vomiting and headaches. Detoxification and addiction therapy programs are structured to control and reduce these symptoms while increasing your chances of recovery.

Why Do Some People Become Drug addicted While Others Do Not?

No single factor can predict whether or not a person will become addicted to drugs. Risk for addiction is influenced by a person’s biology, social environment, and age or stage of development. The more risk factors an individual has, the greater the chance that lead to Drug addiction. For example:

Biology:

The genes that people are born with — in combination with environmental influences — account for about half of their addiction vulnerability. Additionally, gender, ethnicity, and the presence of other mental disorders may influence risk for drug addiction.

Environment:

A person’s environment includes many different influences — from family and friends to socioeconomic status and quality of life, in general. Factors such as peer pressure, physical and sexual abuse, stress, and parental involvement can greatly influence the course of drug addiction in a person’s life.

Development:

Genetic and environmental factors interact with critical developmental stages in a person’s life to affect drug addiction vulnerability, and adolescents experience a double challenge. Although taking drugs at any age can lead to addiction, the earlier that drug addiction begins, the more likely it is to progress to more serious abuse. And because adolescents’ brains are still developing in the areas that govern decision making, judgment, and self-control, they are especially prone to risk-taking behaviors, including trying drugs of abuse.

Prevention Is Key

Drug addiction can be a preventable disease. Research has shown that prevention programs that involve the family, schools, communities, and the media are effective in reducing drug abuse. Although many events and cultural factors affect drug abuse trends, when youths perceive drug abuse as harmful, they reduce their drug taking. It is necessary, therefore, to help youth and the general public to understand the risks of drug abuse and for teachers, parents, and health care professionals to keep sending the message that drug addiction can be prevented if a person never abuses drugs.

Reasons to Say No To Drugs

People have many reasons for using drugs, and your teenager may be considering some of them. They also may have misconceptions about how many people are using drugs. Talking to them about why they can choose to say no is one of the best ways you can help them.
Use the information below to help you start the conversation.

The truth about drug use-

Your teenager might think that everybody but them is experimenting with drugs. This may seem true because they see drug use:
1.On television, in movies and on social media,
2.When hanging out with friends
 3.At parties and concerts.

Reasons people may use Drug addiction:

There are plenty of reasons why some people use drugs. Here are some of the common ones and some of the reasons why your teenager might choose a drug-free life.
Everybody else is doing it. I want to fit in.
1.They may consider doing drugs because they think it will help them fit in.
2.Instead of helping you fit in, drugs could actually destroy your friendships.
3.Drugs can waste your time and money, leaving little of either to spend with your friends.
4.You do not have to do all the same things your friends do, just to keep your friendships.

My life is stressful. Drugs help me cope.

  •  Drug addiction is not the way to deal with stress. They change the way your brain works. This can lead to depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses.
  •  If you already have a mental health issue, drugs can worsen your condition.
  • The best way to deal with stress is to confront it without using drugs. Try to identify what is causing your stress, and find a healthier way to handle it. Some good options are:

  1. Hanging out with your friends who do not use drugs
  2. Doing something you enjoy doing like exercise or sports, art, music, meditation or yoga
  3. Watching television, surfing the web, or reading a book.

How to beat drug addiction or get rid of drug addiction

Having a addiction of drug can make you feel as if there’s no expectation for improving. Be that as it may, regardless of how terrible things have gotten, you can beat your addiction with patience and perseverance. Begin by characterizing your purposes behind quiting, since that will help you remain strong all through the procedure. At that point make a decent plan and draw on assistance from counselors or care groups as you manage withdrawal and begin making an existence without drugs.

  1.  Deciding to Quit:
  • Set an objective to Quit:To beat drug addiction, you have to set an objective to stop.You will unable to do everything at once,However setting the objective will help you outline your next step
  • Make a list of the hurtful impacts of your Addiction. Write a list of the courses in which your addiction is adversely affecting your life can give you a kick off toward changing your behaviour. Rather than framing the addictions effect in general terms (“It’s devastating my life” or “I’m not achieving my potential”), record the ways that your individual life has changed since your addiction started. Seeing everything recorded on paper might jarring, yet having the list will help you through the extreme steps to come.
  • Write down how you feel physically. You know that you are addicted in the event that you experience withdrawal side effects when you attempt to stop using.Withdrawal side effects are the opposite the drugs makes you feel when you are under influence. If you feel empowered when you are high, then you feel extremely tired when you are in withdrawal. If you feel casual and upbeat when you are high, then you experience serious tension and disturbance when you are in withdrawal.  You may feel sick when you try to stop using, and you need to keep using to feel normal.

1)Keep a log of how you feel and how your addiction is influencing you physically. Depending upon the drugs you’re utilizing, it may cause skin harm, organ harm, dental issues, and other physical issues.Regardless of the possibility that the physical impacts are subtle, like you’ve lost a great deal of weight or your face is maturing more rapidly than it ought to, record them.

  • Keep yourself busy in your responsibilities: A addicted person may neglect responsibilities like school attendance, family, work, and other duties like  housework, laundry, car maintenance, paying bills, etc. When a person is somehow addicted to a drug or something, their reality rotates around utilizing, recuperating from the impacts of utilizing, and afterward getting more drugs. An addiction is not a experimental use. It is a compulsion that obliges intervention to lead it to an end.
    1)Record or Note down how often you’ve been at work or school lately. Note how much attentive you are to your responsibilities.
    2)Note down how much money you spend to take drug every day, week, month, and year.

Admit if you’re lying or stealing others  particularly those near you like family and friends. It is not  normal for the drug addict individual to steal assets or cash to pay for more drugs. An addiction influences the body as well as it disables thinking to the point that someone who is addicted can even consider taking from others. Lying someone goes hand in hand with the secretive nature of addiction as well as the shame the addict sense for their behavior.

 

  • Record or Note down the positive changes you’ll see when you quit: Since you’ve recorded the negative stuff, concentrate on how much better your circumstance may be once you beat this. In what capacity will your biography change post-addiction? You’ll minimize or kill a large number of those negatives, and you’ll have the capacity to roll out positive improvements.
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    aucwu
    May 31, 2016 at 10:11 am
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