What Is LSD?
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is a synthetically manufactured mood-altering psychedelic drug. It belongs to a class of drugs called hallucinogens. It is synthesized from naturally occurring lysergic acid, found in fungi like ergot, rye, and similar grains.
The drug’s discovery was purely accidental; however, it was widely used in the 50s for its anesthetic properties. Over the next decade, it became popular as a recreational drug, which people used to achieve a euphoric state, called a “trip.”
LSD is one of the most commonly abused illegal drugs in the United States. The intake of this psychoactive drug causes sensory changes and leads to visual hallucinations and altered spatial perceptions.
LSD drugs, usually taken orally, come in various forms – tablets, liquid, and capsules or gelatin squares. It is a slightly bitter-tasting, odorless, and white or clear substance. The chemical is also added to square blotter paper decorated with colorful images or cartoon characters.
Street names for the LSD drug include:
- Lucy in the sky with diamonds
- Purple haze
- Blue heaven
- Yellow sunshine
People from ages have been experimenting with hallucinogens found in nature, such as magic mushrooms. However, chemicals like LSD that are made in a lab pose more risks of dangers to the users.
LSD mechanism of action is that the drug takes control of the user’s senses, altering their perception of reality. Initially, going to this state of mind will feel much pleasurable, which is why users start craving more of the drug. Each intake is known as a “hit,” and the euphoric stage gets enhanced with prolonged use.
However, consuming heavy doses can lead to a “bad trip,” which can feel like a living hell. People go into a trance-like state where they do not know what they are doing. Reportedly, there were many instances when abusers committed crimes or attempted suicide in the lack of self-awareness.
While an LSD overdose may not be fatal, it still carries severe repercussions. Victims exhibit sudden bursts of anger, sadness, or anxiety. Their psychotic episodes can cause blackouts, seizures, and unpredictable behaviors, and they harm themselves or others.
LSD Addiction Symptoms
You may find yourself asking: “Is LSD addictive?”
Though the drug shows potential for abuse, it does not actually cause physical dependence. Those who abuse LSD do not usually crave for more hits, nor do they exhibit compulsions and drug-seeking behaviors.
However, the users tend to develop a tolerance for the drug and do not get the desired high with the same amount every time. They keep upping the dose. LSD drug addiction symptoms depend on factors like duration of use and the amount of the drug taken.
LSD abuse symptoms include mood swings, tremors, dilated pupils and shifted sensory perceptions, such as:
- Altered or distorted perceptions of time, speed, size, shape, and space
- Intensified hallucinations, both visual and sensory
- Depersonalization – causes dissociation with one’s body
- Blended realities where they can’t differentiate fact from fiction
- A blended sensory experiences fuse, e.g., seeing sounds and hearing images
After taking the drug, users enter a psychedelic state where their judgment is impaired. Accidents and injuries have been reported when the abusers were in this euphoric stage. The adverse reactions are amplified if they take LSD and alcohol or any other drugs.