Drug addiction is a complex disease. Numerous individuals don’t perceive why or how individuals end up dependent on drugs. Some may erroneously feel that the individuals who are addicted to drugs don’t possess moral standards or self-control that would help to stop the addiction. Actually, medicate dependence is a mind-boggling sickness and stopping such a habit of addiction is not an easy deal. Thankfully, specialists know more about drugs and how it affects the brain and also have discovered treatments that can enable individuals to convalesce from tranquilize compulsion and lead a happy life.
What is drug addiction?
Drug addiction is a chronic ailment that influences the reward system of the cerebrum. It is caused by neurochemical responses that are provoked by the presence of specific substances and practices. It affects a person’s brain and behavior. When you’re dependent, you may keep utilizing the medication notwithstanding the damage it causes. Drug addiction isn’t about just heroin, cocaine, or other illegal drugs. Substances such as alcohol, nicotine, opioid painkillers are also considered as drug addiction.
What drugs do to your brain?
The intake of drugs affects the “reward circuit “of the brain by engulfing with chemical namely dopamine. It controls the brain to repeat the experience in order to feel the pleasure. Repetitive intake of drugs provides you with an intense pleasure that triggers you to chase the drug high. Continuation of drug usage will give a space for the brain to adjust the excess of dopamine that reduces the ability of the cell to respond. Usage of drugs for a long time gives you more pleasure and you avoid other engaging activities like enjoying food, hanging out with friends and relatives, etc.
Long-term usage of the drug affects the brain chemical systems and circuits.
They may affect:
Symptoms of Drug Addiction
Here are the typical signs and symptoms of drug addiction :
- Unusual fevers
- Having extreme inclinations for the drugs that shut out some other contemplations
- You prefer to be alone
- Skin rashes, lesions, or pustules
- Loss of mental focus
- Loss of Weight
- Frequent, unpredictable mood swings
- Intake of a large amount of drug than you intended
- You steal, lie, or do dangerous things
Why do people become addicted?
Drug addiction cannot be predicted by one factor. It is influenced by a fusion of factors including biological and environmental aspects. More risk factor a person has is directly proportional to the chance of taking drugs that leads to addiction.
An individual’s hereditary genes can play an important role in developing an addiction. For instance, youngsters with dependent parents are four times more probable than kids without a dependent parent to end up addicts themselves. Besides, more than 60 percent of people battling with liquor abuse have a family history of liquor abuse.
The environment also lies as an influencing factor of drug addiction. The place where an individual lives or works or goes to has a very big impact on drug addiction. Factors inclusive of stress, peer pressure, anxiety, etc can all play a part in this.
Psychiatric conditions like anxiety, agitation, and sadness have a higher chance of becoming an addict. Loaded with these sort of feelings make more vulnerable to drug or alcohol addiction.
Being alone, feeling neglected, sexual harassment at childhood, and betrayal all these factors have a high influence on drug addiction.
Is there a cure for drug addiction?
Drug addiction cannot be cured at ease but can be treated. It can be treated efficiently and managed with the cooperation of the addict. It has to be carefully treated for a lifetime. With the right treatment and care, it can be managed successfully. Drug addiction is preventable. National Institute on Drug Abuse suggests prevention programs involving families, schools and communities via media which is a powerful source to reduce and prevent the use of the drug.
Here are the necessary measures you can take to reclaim control over your addiction.
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Detox is about totally expelling the substance from your body. Withdrawal symptoms have to be managed and it can be done at home or in the medical setting. Make sure to do your exploration heretofore and make an arrangement.
Speaking with a substance abuse counselor and attending the counseling sessions is highly recommended for recovery. Learning what is an addiction, identifying and addressing the causes are significant to overcome addiction and also prevent relapse. Behavioral counseling among groups or families can help you to identify the root cause of your drug use and helps to repair the relationships.
It involves being engaged in some other place and getting away from the environment that is saturated with addiction. Residential treatment can last from a few days to several months.
Sober living communities:
Sober living communities follows the technique of residential treatment. You live with other recovering addicts in a safe, supportive, and drug-free environment. It helps the addict who worries that returning home too soon will lead to relapse.
Recovery can be achieved sooner when there are hands to support. Work on building people who support you. This is also the time to find new friends who you enjoy spending time with and who can help you find fulfillment outside of addiction.
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