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Cocaine Addiction

What Is Cocaine? 

From the leaves of the coca plant, cocaine has been derived. It is found in South America. Available in a white powder form, cocaine gained the notorious reputation of being the most abused illicit drug in all American states. 

Belonging to the class of drugs called stimulants, cocaine possesses anesthetic qualities and can block pain and change the brain’s perception. Cocaine’s mechanism of action involves causing long-term alterations to brain chemistry, making it the perfect drug to result in a chemical dependence on the users. 

Cocaine uses included anesthesia purposes until the beginning of the 20th century when the medical community discovered the higher likelihood of patients developing a cocaine addiction.

Abusers take cocaine in three main forms: snorting the fine white powder, rubbing the powder onto the gums, and injecting the liquid form of the powder solution directly into the bloodstream. Another method that is widely used is to freebase crack cocaine (cocaine turned into a solid rock crystal), smoking through a glass pipe.

The original formula of Coca-Cola also contained tiny amounts of cocaine, which is now eliminated.

Cocaine also goes by these street names:

  • Coke
  • Blow
  • Rock 
  • Crack
  • Snow
  • Cocaine Intoxication

Prolonged use of cocaine creates a chemical dependence, which is hard to shake, and the users cannot discontinue drug use. Furthermore, they experience strong cravings for higher doses

Also, based on how the drug is taken, the high or euphoric feeling the users get may remain only for 5-30 minutes. So, the vicious cycle repeats; countless people fall victim to cocaine addiction and it may very late when they realize their problem. As much as dangerous as drug abuse is, it is even worse when taken in a combination of cocaine and alcohol or other drugs. 

Unknowingly, addicts may be buying cocaine that is laced with additional substances, like synthetic opioids, amphetamines, and fentanyl, which raises their chances of suffering a deadly cocaine overdose.

Cocaine Addiction Symptoms

The allure behind consuming is the powerful stimulating effect achieved when cocaine works on the central nervous system (CNS) of the body.

For an ordinary person, the neurons in the brain release dopamine as a response to exciting situations. Dopamine goes back to the neuron after communicating this message. Since cocaine alters brain chemistry, dopamine refuses to return to the neurons. So, the cocaine user remains in a pleasurable state for a much longer time.

Cocaine Side Effects On Body Include:

  • Happiness and euphoria feelings
  • More energy even for a short time
  • Mental alertness and improved confidence
  • Paranoia, irritability, and hypersensitivity
  • Cocaine effects on heart
  • Cocaine effects on neurotransmitters
  • Cocaine effects on liver
  • Cocaine effects on nervous system
  • Cocaine effects on eyes
  • Cocaine effects on kidneys
  • Cocaine effects on lungs
  • Effects Of Cocaine On behaviour

Effects Of Cocaine Long Term Makes The Users Develop And Exhibit:

  • Headaches and seizures
  • Heart disease and stroke
  • Nosebleeds and lung issues
  • Loss of appetite

If the user continues to abuse cocaine for months of years, they lose control of their faculties, and their risk of contracting Hepatitis or HIV increases. if you are your loved one and are struggling with effects of cocaine withdrawal kindly visit rehab centers in Alaska.

 

  • https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/cocaine
  • https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-treatments-are-effective-cocaine-abusers
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2851032/

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